Its actions are guided by the Growth and Employment Strategy Paper which aims at increasing employment opportunities for all.
Cameroon targets emergence by 2035 where its economy will be industrialised, become a medium-income economy as well as reinforce national unity and consolidate the democratic process. For this vision aligned to the Growth and Employment Strategy Paper (GESP) adopted in 2010 to be realised, there is the need for social justice and the promotion of decent work. The government has fully understood this, reason why the blueprint document does not only outline growth strategy but also that of employment. The employment strategy aims at increasing decent employment opportunities, and it focuses on improving the efficiency of the job market and facilitating the match of labour demand and supply. Little wonder therefore that the Resident Representative of the International Labour Organisation (ILO) in Cameroon, François Murangina, saluted efforts carried out so far by the government in promoting decent work during the launching of activities to make the Centenary anniversary of the UN agency. “We welcome the priority given to the promotion of decent work in the Growth and Employment Strategy Document of Cameroon and the progress made by the country in implementing the Decent Work Country Program (PPTD),” he stated. The government of Cameroon, being a party to the International Labour Organisation since 52 years, has taken engagements to foster decent work. It saw its minimum wage reviewed upward from FCFA 28,000 to FCFA 36,270 even though workers are still clamouring for a better pay package. In the wake of growing unemployment, the government created the National Employment Fund in 1990, with the mission to facilitate access to jobs, training and coaching of job seekers across the country. Meanwhile, the socio-economic and professional integration of youths has been a permanent quest of the government. The creation of many vocational training centres across the country to enable youth acquire relevant skills for the job market is also in line with efforts geared at promoting decent work. In February 2016, President Paul Biya unveiled an ambitious Three-year Special Youth Plan worth FCFA 102 billion. The plan which so far has sponsored over 2000 youth projects, seeks to integrate youths into socio-economic and professional life. This year, expectations are high for the 500,000 jobs the Head of State announced while addressing youths last February 10. The jobs, he stated, will essentially be in ongoing major projects including road and infrastructure, agriculture and projects carried out by decentralized local authorities. “Key points of the priority action plan of the national employment policy will continue to be implemented,” President Biya assured the youth during the February address.” It should be noted that Cameroon’s Labour Code (Law No. 92/007 of 14 August 1992) protects workers and encourages decent work in the country. However, syndicate leaders are agitating for the revision of certain provisions of the legal instrument.