The world’s second largest economy is charting a new course to modernise its economy during the next five years and beyond. According to China News Agency (Xinhua) report, it will be embodied in innovation-driven industries with coordinated development, an open and fair market, efficient and fair income distribution, coordinated urban-rural and regional development, energy conservation and environmental friendliness, and an open economy with higher standards.
Efforts will be made to give full play to the role of the market, while the government is expected to play a better part. The real economy, once outshone by rampant real estate prices and financial speculation, has again gained traction. While presiding over a group study of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee Xi Jinping described the real economy as the foundation of the modernized economy, advocating the use of new technology including the internet, big data and artificial intelligence to boost traditional industries.
To develop a modernized economy, China should channel more energy into improving the quality of supply and grow into a manufacturing powerhouse, said Wang Yiming, Deputy Director of the Development Research Center of the State Council. The government has rolled out an array of measures such as «Made in China 2025» and «Internet Plus» strategies.
Funds that used to flow into the virtual economy due to high yields are returning to factories that produce tangible goods. New loans in the real economy rose 11.34 percent to 13.84 trillion yuan (around 2.2 trillion U.S. dollars) last year. Thanks to rising investment, innovators sprouting up across the country are injecting new vitality into the economy. More home-grown tech firms are transforming from followers to leaders in the international tech community.
Technology is playing a bigger role in driving the economy. Tech is estimated to have contributed 57.5 percent to economic growth last year, up from 56.2 percent in 2016, according to Wang Zhigang, Vice Minister of Science and Technology. During the group study, Xi called for a diverse, balanced, secure and efficient system for opening up on all fronts, with better use of global resources and markets and promotion of international cooperation under the Belt and Road Initiative. As 2018 is the 40th anniversary of China’s reform and opening up policy, the country’s door to the world will only become more open.